Different Types of Exercise

Different types of exercise make your body do different things. The benefits, therefore, vary. Some are good for the heart, others increase your muscular strength, many are great for burning fat.

Choosing the type of exercise that suits you will depend mainly on personal goals and preferences. To find out what these are, start off by asking yourself a few questions.

  • Why do I want to exercise?
  • Do I like exercising alone or in groups? Indoors or outdoors?
  • What part of my body do I want to work on?
  • What gives me pleasure?

Knowing what fitness benefi ts come with different types of exercise will help make your choice a little easier. Ideally, you should be combining different types of exercise to increase benefits.

Generally speaking, exercise can be divided into the following types:

Cardio This is aerobic exercise that strengthens the heart. It makes you breathe hard and sweat. Typical examples are Fitness walking, Nordic walking, jogging, indoor cycling, swimming, group exercise etc.

Strength training and body toning This is exercise that increases muscle strength, e.g. training with free weights or resistance machines, alone or in groups.

Flexibility These are types of exercise that improve range of motion by stretching muscles, tendons and ligaments; they improve joint function and muscular performance and may prevent injury.

Body&Mind Exercise that engages the mind as well as the body is usually referred to as Body&Mind. It is practiced in deep concentration and often targets core body muscles. It improves body alignment, posture and balance. It also promotes relaxation and all-round well-being. Typical examples are Yoga, Pilates and Taiji.

Next, you can give a thought to where you prefer exercising. This increases your choices even further.

Health or fitness clubs It’s social and offers a wide range of workout options: treadmills, stationary bikes, group fitness classes like dancing, martial arts, resistance machines, Yoga etc.

Home It’s safe and convenient. Popular home exercise equipment include stairclimbers, treadmills, stationary bikes and elliptical motion trainers.

Outdoors The sky’s the limit. Fitness walking, Nordic walking, jogging, cycling or inline skating, the choice is virtually endless.

At the end of the day, the type of exercise you will likeliest stick to is the type of exercise that makes you feel good. Doing something you enjoy increases your motivation, and helps you make exercise a regular – and fun – part of your life.



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